#75 – Marcus Hutter: Universal Artificial Intelligence, AIXI, and AGI

Marcus Hutter is a senior research scientist at DeepMind and professor at Australian National University. Throughout his career of research, including with Jürgen Schmidhuber and Shane Legg, he has proposed a lot of interesting ideas in and around the field of artificial general intelligence, including the development of the AIXI model which is a mathematical approach to AGI that incorporates ideas of Kolmogorov complexity, Solomonoff induction, and reinforcement learning.

Hutter Prize: http://prize.hutter1.net
Marcus web: http://www.hutter1.net
Books mentioned:
– Universal AI: https://amzn.to/2waIAuw
– AI: A Modern Approach: https://amzn.to/3camxnY
– Reinforcement Learning: https://amzn.to/2PoANj9
– Theory of Knowledge: https://amzn.to/3a6Vp7x

This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon.

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Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time.

00:00 – Introduction
03:32 – Universe as a computer
05:48 – Occam’s razor
09:26 – Solomonoff induction
15:05 – Kolmogorov complexity
20:06 – Cellular automata
26:03 – What is intelligence?
35:26 – AIXI – Universal Artificial Intelligence
1:05:24 – Where do rewards come from?
1:12:14 – Reward function for human existence
1:13:32 – Bounded rationality
1:16:07 – Approximation in AIXI
1:18:01 – Godel machines
1:21:51 – Consciousness
1:27:15 – AGI community
1:32:36 – Book recommendations
1:36:07 – Two moments to relive (past and future)